They ruined the temple of Apollo at Claros, that of the Cabiri in Samothrace, of Ceres at Hermione, of Aesculapius at Epidaurus, those of Neptune in the Isthmus, at Taenarus and in Calauria, those of Apollo at Actium and in the isle of Leucas, those of Juno at Samos, Argos, and the promontory of Lacinium.
To that accident, alone, did M. Gallois owe his escape. I trust he and M. le Gros had a happy meeting. "The sea wax'd calm, and we discovered Two ships from far making amain to us, Of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this: But on they came, O, let me say no more! Gather the sequel by that went before." Comedy of Errors. It was high time for the Dawn to be doing.
Full of joy I came from Epidaurus; but with shame To Epidaurus must retrace my steps. Despair I take with me. Alas, my people! E'en to the second Deluge now the plague May rage at will, may pile mount Oeta high With corpses upon corpses, and may turn All Greece into one mighty charnel-house, Ere Semele can bend the angry gods. I, thou, and Greece, and all, have been betrayed!
All Epidaurus, and all that region, talk of this to this day; and mothers teach it their children, that they may hand it down to posterity.
W. R. Halliday: Greek Divination, London, 1913, p. 88. The exact date of the introduction of the cult into Greece is not known, but its great centres were at Epidaurus, Cos, Pergamos and Tricca. It throve with wonderful rapidity. Asklepios became one of the most popular of the gods. By the time of Alexander it is estimated that there were between three and four hundred temples dedicated to him.
At Prevlacca, near Punta d'Ostro, are remains of antique walls, thought to be those of the ancient Epidaurus, by those who maintain that it was at the gates of the "Sinus Rhizonicus." Most authorities, however, agree in placing it at Ragusa Vecchia.
Milton, describing the serpent which tempted Eve, is reminded of the serpents of the classical stories and says: ... " pleasing was his shape, And lovely never since of serpent kind Lovelier; not those that in Illyria changed Hermione and Cadmus, nor the god In Epidaurus" For an explanation of the last allusion, see Oracle of Aesculapius, p. 298.
There were of these corsairs above one thousand sail, and they had taken no less than four hundred cities, committing sacrilege upon the temples of the gods, and enriching themselves with the spoils of many never violated before, such as were those of Claros, Didyma, and Samothrace; and the temple of the Earth in Hermione, and that of Aesculapius in Epidaurus, those of Neptune at the Isthmus, at Taenarus, and at Calauria; those of Apollo at Actium and Leucas, and those of Juno, in Samos, at Argos, and at Lacinium.
“How much is staked that Glaucon can beat Ctesias of Epidaurus?” “We don’t match our lion against mice!” roared the noisiest Athenian. “Or Amyntas of Thebes?” “Not Amyntas! Give us Lycon of Sparta.”
For by this time the ships had sailed round from Las, and anchoring at Epidaurus had overrun Aegina; and Theramenes asserted that, being bound for Euboea, they would never have sailed in to Aegina and come back to anchor at Epidaurus, unless they had been invited to come to aid in the designs of which he had always accused the government. Further inaction had therefore now become impossible.