=================================================================== | New England | Michigan | Iowa Total land area | | | square miles | 62,000 | 57,500 | 55,500 Number of farms | 192,000 | 203,000 | 229,000 Acreage in farms | 20,500,000 | 17,500,000 | 34,600,000 Acres of improved | | | land | 8,135,000 | 11,800,000 | 29,900,000 Value of farms | $640,000,000 | $690,000,000 | $1,835,000,000 Value of farm | | | products | $170,000,000 | $147,000,000 | $365,000,000 Persons engaged in | | | agriculture | 290,000 | 312,000 | 372,000 Rural population | 1,500,000 | 1,200,000 | 1,260,000 Value of products per| | | acre of improved | | | land | $20 | $12 | $12 Number of Granges | 1,200 | 725 | Number of Grange | | | members | 120,000 | 45,000 |
Much other business was done, such as voting for the public service, under the heads of the civil list, pensions for revolutionary services, the military establishment, lighthouses, embassies, and outstanding debts, the moderate sum of about $725,000.
Their rapid growth and expansion are shown by a decennial statement of the number of post-offices and the length of post-roads, commencing with the year 1827. In that year there were 7,000 post-offices; in 1837, 11,177; in 1847, 15,146, and in 1857 they number 26,586. In this year 1,725 post-offices have been established and 704 discontinued, leaving a net increase of 1,021.
If it were not for the attacks of these various pests the wheat crop would be at least one-fifth larger than it is. Instead of 725,000,000 bushels, it would be 870,000,000; which, with wheat at a dollar a bushel, amounts to a loss of nearly $150,000,000. Further, the world loses all this valuable bread-stuff.
Those emigrants who embarked from Irish ports proceeded as follows: 189,225 to British America, namely, 107,792 males and 81,233 females; to the United States of America 19,775, namely, 10,725 males, and 2,950 females; to the Australian colonies, there went 4,553, in the proportion of 2,300 males and 2,253 females; and 494 persons embarked for the West Indies 300 males and 194 females.
Sugar substitutes are not all as cheap as sugar by any means, but molasses, on account of its large amount of mineral salts, especially of calcium, has a score value of 2,315 as against 725 for granulated sugar, and may be regarded with favor by those both economically and patriotically inclined. In the case of fats, practical economy consists in paying for fuel value and not for flavor.
In 1881 the currency, which had averaged about $725,000,000 for the years 1876-1878, reached over $1,111,000,000. Under these conditions, all that remained available to the platform-makers and propagandists of the party was their opposition to the so-called "monopolistic" national banks with their control over currency and to the refunding of the bonded debt of the government.
There were twenty-four States, Indiana having been taken into the Union in 1816, Mississippi in 1817, Illinois in 1818, Alabama in 1819, Maine in 1820, and Missouri, the last, in 1821. Florida, Michigan, and Arkansas were the Territories. The area, now that Florida had been annexed, was 725,406 square miles.
The expenses chargeable to the year, after deducting the amount of these specific appropriations, were $13,343,317.79; but this is subject to a reduction of $283,725.99, that amount having been drawn upon warrants, but not paid out during the year. The amount of appropriations applicable to the last fiscal year was $14,538,646.17.
Of the coffee produced on Government account, one-fifth only is sold in Java, and the remainder is sent home to Europe and sold there. The culture system was so successful as a financial expedient, that between the years 1831 and 1875 the colonial revenue yielded surpluses to Holland amounting to 725,000,000 florins.