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The unremitting arrows of the English still continued to pour like hail; and his followers fell thickly around him. Many fled, leaving him to his fate; and presently his own horse was killed by an arrow. One of his attendants, John of Hainault, who had remained by his side the whole day, mounted him on one of his own chargers, and entreated him to quit the field.

And may we not be certain that if we were to treat with the King of England, the King of France would not be the less urgent in seeking our alliance? Besides, have we not with us all the communes of Brabant, of Hainault, of Holland, and of Zealand?"

M. d'Archiac, when speaking of the loess, observes that it envelopes Hainault, Brabant, and Limburg like a mantle everywhere uniform and homogeneous in character, filling up the lower depressions of the Ardennes and passing thence into the north of France, though not crossing into England.

France was the gainer of Artois and Roussillon, and of several places in Flanders, Hainault, and Luxembourg; and the peace of Westphalia was recognized by Spain, to whom France restored all that she held in Catalonia and in Franche-Comte. Philip IV. had refused to include Portugal in the treaty.

He was a relative of Egmont, and anxious to avenge his death, but he was no lover of the people, and was jealous of Orange. Moreover, his wife had become entirely fascinated by the designing. Queen. So warm a friendship had sprung up between the two fair ladies as to make it indispensable that Flanders and Hainault should be annexed to France.

The failure of the movement made that scission of the Netherlands certain, which has endured till our days, for the influence of the ecclesiastics in the states of Artois and Hainault, together with the military power of the Malcontent grandees, whom Parma and John Sarrasin had purchased, could no longer be resisted.

At the period of his death he had reduced the number of obedient provinces to two; only Artois and Hainault acknowledging Philip, while the other fifteen were in open revolt, the greater part having solemnly forsworn their sovereign. The supremacy of his political genius was entirely beyond question. He was the first statesman of the age.

This allusion to the intermarriage of Edward III. of England with Philippa, daughter of Count William III. of Hainault and Holland, would not, it was hoped, be in vain. They furthermore offered to her Majesty, in case she were willing powerfully to assist the states, the sovereignty over Holland and Zealand, under certain conditions.

The city of Namur Margaret of Valois Her intrigues in Hainault in favour of Alencon Her reception by Don John at Namur Festivities in her, honor Seizure of Namur citadel by Don John Plan for seizing that of Antwerp Letter of the estates to Philip, sent by Escovedo Fortunes and fate of Escovedo in Madrid Repairing of dykes The Prince's visit to Holland His letter to the estates general on the subject of Namur citadel His visit to Utrecht Correspondence and commissioners between Don John and the estates Acrimonious and passionate character of these colloquies Attempt of Treslong upon Antwerp citadel frustrated by De Bourse Fortunate panic of the German mercenaries Antwerp evacuated by the foreign troops Renewed correspondence Audacity of the Governor's demands Letters of Escovedo and others intercepted Private schemes of Don John not understood by the estates His letter to the Empress Dowager More correspondence with the estates Painful and false position of the Governor Demolition, in part, of Antwerp citadel, and of other fortresses by the patriots Statue of Alva Letter of estates-general to the King.

His coat of arms is repeated on every part of his own dress, and is embroidered on that of his wife, who wears also the crest of her own family. Marie de Hainault, wife of the first Duke of Bourbon, 1354, appears in a corsage and train of ermine, with a very fierce-looking lion rampant embroidered twice on her long gown. Her jewels are magnificent.