Henry VIII. himself, who would have made a splendid tyrant over a son who should have readied to man's estate, an absolute model in that way to all after-sovereigns, was denied by fortune an opportunity to round and perfect his character as a domestic despot. Only one of his legitimate sons lived even to boyhood, Edward VI., and Henry died when the heir-apparent was in his tenth year.
Clement VIII., on the 2d of August, assembled his consistory, whither went all the cardinals, save two partisans of Spain who excused themselves on the score of health. Parleys took place as to the form of the decree which must precede the absolution.
He had not long to wait for his inheritance as Louis XII., having made an alliance with England, was induced for political reasons to marry the Princess Mary, sister of Henry VIII. The poor King was already in ill-health, and he only survived his wedding three months, dying on New Year's day, 1515. He had a splendid funeral at St.
Wolsey was one of those statesmen, rare in England, who for half a generation aimed, with a large measure of success, at dominating the combinations of the European Powers without involving the country in any tremendous war. Before the winter of 1513 Henry VIII. returned to England, with every intention of following up his successes in the French war in the ensuing year.
It is true that this was not without reason; for Innocent VIII who was called the father of his people because he had added to his subjects eight sons and the same number of daughters had, as we have said, after living a life of self-indulgence, just died, after a death-struggle during which, if the journal of Stefano Infessura may be believed, two hundred and twenty murders were committed in the streets of Rome.
It is said that the highest-priced book ever sold was the vellum missal presented to King Henry VIII. by Pope Leo X., which brought $50,000. The missal was accompanied by a document conferring on the King the title of "Defender of the Faith."
VIII. To be called upon to believe that these blunders could have been committed by Tacitus, is to ask one to believe that he, who made no such mistakes in his History, ceased to write like a Roman when composing the Annals.
Flanders Mares as Henry VIII. tells us by comparing his queen to one have never been remarkable for elegance and activity, and I was much entertained in seeing an Englishman break in a couple of these for a Tandem. There is a custom that the key of the town should be presented to the possessor or Governor of the Town on a magnificent silver-gilt plate.
Many a king of England, from Henry II. to Charles II., has offended far more than Henry VIII. Where Henry loved, he married; and it was the unfortunate result of these royal marriages that has made him seem unduly fond of women. If, however, we examine each one of the separate espousals we shall find that he did not enter into it lightly, and that he broke it off unwillingly.
"Founded by Saint Henry VIII. himself," interjected Staniford. "No, Staniford," said Dunham, with a soft repressiveness. And now a threatening light of zeal began to burn in his kindly eyes. These souls had plainly been given into his hands for ecclesiastical enlightenment. "If our friends will allow me, I will explain " Staniford's shaft had recoiled upon his own head.