For the love-pain which was rending her own heart was making her indifferent to the troubles of the dear pupils of her happier hours those which she devoted to their up-bringing, although she had never studied Chesterfield or Knigge, or consulted Madame de Genlis, or any of those other authorities on the mental culture of the young, who know to a hair's-breadth exactly how they ought to be moulded.

He lived according to a minutely elaborated, half-philosophical, half- practical system, like clock-work; not this alone, but also by the thermometer, barometer, aerometer, hydrometer, Hippocrates, Hufeland, Plato, Kant, Knigge, and Lord Chesterfield. But at times he had violent attacks of sudden passion, and gave the impression of being about to run with his head right through a wall.

Knigge, in hisUmgang mit Menschen,” plainly has those Germans in mind who saw in Uncle Toby’s treatment of the fly an incentive to unreasonable emphasis upon the relations between man and the animal world, when, in the chapter on the treatment of animals, he protests against the silly, childish enthusiasm of those who cannot see a hen killed, but partake of fowl greedily on the table, or who passionately open the window for a fly. A

Musäus is named as an imitator of Sterne by Koberstein, and Erich Schmidt implies in hisRichardson, Rousseau und Goethe,” that he followed Sterne in hisGrandison der Zweite,” which could hardly be possible, forGrandison der Zweitewas first published in 1760, and was probably written during 1759, that is, before Sterne had published Tristram Shandy. Adolph von Knigge is also mentioned by Koberstein as a follower of Sterne, and Baker includes Knigge’sReise nach BraunschweigandBriefe auf einer Reise aus Lothringenin his list. Their connection with Sterne cannot be designated as other than remote; the former is a merry vagabond story, reminding one much more of the tavern and way-faring adventures in Fielding and Smollett, and suggesting Sterne only in the constant conversation with the reader about the progress of the book and the mechanism of its construction. One example of the hobby-horse idea in this narration may perhaps be traced to Sterne. TheBriefe auf einer Reise aus Lothringenhas even less connection; it shares only in the increase of interest in personal accounts of travel. Knigge’s novels, “Peter ClausandDer Roman meines Lebens,” are decidedly not imitations of Sterne; a