With him there came forty ships of the Locrians who dwell beyond Euboea. The fierce Abantes held Euboea with its cities, Chalcis, Eretria, Histiaea rich in vines, Cerinthus upon the sea, and the rock-perched town of Dium; with them were also the men of Carystus and Styra; Elephenor of the race of Mars was in command of these; he was son of Chalcodon, and chief over all the Abantes.

Artemisium is in Euboea, beyond the city of Histiaea, a sea-beach open to the north; there is small temple there, dedicated to Diana, surnamed of the Dawn, and trees about it, around which again stand pillars of white marble; and if rub them with your hand, they send forth both the smell and color of saffron.

The Athenians then crossed over again to Euboea under the command of Pericles, and subdued the whole of the island: all but Histiaea was settled by convention; the Histiaeans they expelled from their homes, and occupied their territory themselves.

Pericles defeated and displaced them; their lands fell once more to Athenian colonists; and the north of Euboea was protected and garrisoned by the erection of Oreus, a new town that supplanted the old Histiaea.

Thucydides chosen by the Aristocratic Party to oppose Pericles. His Policy. Munificence of Pericles. Sacred War. Battle of Coronea. Revolt of Euboea and Megara. Invasion and Retreat of the Peloponnesians. Reduction of Euboea. Punishment of Histiaea A Thirty Years' Truce concluded with the Peloponnesians. Ostracism of Thucydides.

In Chalcis he is said by Plutarch to have expelled the opulent landowners, who, no doubt, formed the oligarchic chiefs of the revolt, and colonized Histiaea with Athenians, driving out at least the greater part of the native population . For the latter severity was given one of the strongest apologies that the stern justice of war can plead for its harshest sentences the Histiaeans had captured an Athenian vessel and murdered the crew.

Artemisium is in Euboea, beyond the city of Histiaea, a sea-beach open to the north; most nearly opposite to it stands Olizon, in the country which formerly was under Philoctetes; there is a small temple there, dedicated to Diana, surnamed of the Dawn, and trees about it, around which again stand pillars of white marble; and if you rub them with your hand, they send forth both the smell and color of saffron.

Revolt of Euboea and Megara Invasion and Retreat of the Peloponnesians. Reduction of Euboea. Punishment of Histiaea. A Thirty Years' Truce concluded with the Peloponnesians. Ostracism of Thucydides. II Causes of the Power of Pericles. Judicial Courts of the dependant Allies transferred to Athens. Sketch of the Athenian Revenues. Public Buildings the Work of the People rather than of Pericles.

When the Persians learned that the Greeks had abandoned their station, their whole fleet took possession of the pass, possessed themselves of the neighbouring town of Histiaea, and overrunning a part of the Isle of Euboea, received the submission of the inhabitants. Xerxes now had recourse to a somewhat clumsy, though a very commonly practised artifice.