A similar fallacy is committed by Cicero, in his second book De Finibus, where, speaking in his own person against the Epicureans, he charges them with inconsistency in saying that the pleasures of the mind had their origin from those of the body, and yet that the former were more valuable, as if the effect could surpass the cause. “Animi voluptas oritur propter voluptatem corporis, et major est animi voluptas quam corporis? ita fit ut gratulator, lætior sit quam is cui gratulatur.” Even that, surely, is not an impossibility; a person’s good fortune has often given more pleasure to others than it gave to the person himself.
The following fragments will give some idea of its tone. Of Dido he says: -Blande et docte percontat Aeneas quo pacto Troiam urbem liquerit. Again of Amulius: -Manusque susum ad caelum sustulit suas rex Amulius; gratulatur divis-. Part of a speech where the indirect construction is remarkable: -Sin illos deserant for tissumos virorum Magnum stuprum populo fieri per gentis-.