When next the white man reached the country a century and a half later he found the Xualans had been swept away by the conquering Cherokees, and he witnessed there the most sanguinary contest between Indians of which our annals give any account a pitched battle two days in duration, between the invading Shawnees, who lorded it over what is now Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana and the Cherokees, who dominated the country the southeast of the Cumberland range.

The human events happening here have been in harmony with the natural ones. It has always been a land of conflict. In 1540 339 years ago De Soto, in that energetic but fruitless search for gold which occupied his later years, penetrated to this region, and found it the fastness of the Xualans, a bold, aggressive race, continually warring with its neighbors.

When next the white man reached the country a century and a half later he found the Xualans had been swept away by the conquering Cherokees, and he witnessed there the most sanguinary contest between Indians of which our annals give any account a pitched battle two days in duration, between the invading Shawnees, who lorded it over what is now Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana and the Cherokees, who dominated the country the southeast of the Cumberland range.

The human events happening here have been in harmony with the natural ones. It has always been a land of conflict. In 1540 339 years ago De Soto, in that energetic but fruitless search for gold which occupied his later years, penetrated to this region, and found it the fastness of the Xualans, a bold, aggressive race, continually warring with its neighbors.